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Text | Little Love Song
The development of dynasties in the past dynasties has its ups and downs. China has a history of 5,000 years, and it has experienced too many special periods. The turmoil and painful experiences in modern history are particularly unforgettable.
During the Qing Dynasty, China entered a closed-door state.When the country was really opened, it became a piece of fat meat to be carved up in the eyes of western countries.
All kinds of reparations, aggression and expansion to western countries, as well as the evil deeds committed in our country, have caused us to lose a large area of land. In recent years, Tibet is famous for its many natural beauty.But what you don’t know is that there are still heroic deeds here.
In 1904, the British invaded Tibet again, and the weapons and equipment of the Tibetan army were very different from them. Although they tried their best to confront them, they eventually failed. This is the famous Battle of Gyangze.
In order not to be persecuted by the British army, the last 500 Tibetans who survived chose to jump into the river and die together. What happened at that time?
Throughout the history of western countries, you will find that what they like most is aggression and the development of more colonies. In their view, it is the main way to make themselves strong, and they have committed many unforgivable evils in the process.
If you look into it carefully,British troops invaded Tibet twice. After Queen Victoria came to power, she put forward a plan to defend India’s security.At that time, India had become a British colony.
Tibet is an important strategic area in the area she divided, trying to turn it into a British colony.At that time, the Qing government was faced with domestic troubles and foreign invasion, and signed the Yantai Treaty with Britain to reduce the pressure.
In 1880, the British army assembled troops on the Tibetan-Indian border and launched an attack on Longtu Mountain. Because of the poor equipment of the Tibetan army, it finally fell, so Tibet lost a large area of land.
The second invasion was in 1904. In 1903, the British major Rong Hepeng led his troops into the scallops in Tibet.We all know that the living environment in Tibet is relatively harsh, and the air is thin. British soldiers who came there for the first time have contracted pneumonia.
Under the influence of these multiple factors, the British army also became worried.So they thought of a plan, that is, pretending to talk.
The Tibetan army also chose to recognize the peace talks proposed by the British army. After all, no one likes war, but things have not developed in a good direction.The Tibetan army is very simple, but I didn’t expect it was actually a smoke bomb given by the British army.
When there was a false negotiation in front, the British troops in the rear gathered their forces and seized the top of the Tibetan army.After the battle, the British army concentrated all the bodies of the Tibetan army on the edge of the mountain spring. The blood flowing from hundreds of bodies melted the glacier and formed a blood river with the spring water.
A well-prepared banquet at the Hongmen Gate is undoubtedly an inhuman massacre.The British attack on the ground resulted in the death of more than 1,400 Tibetan troops, and only 380 survived.
Then the British army killed the defenseless Tibetans,In just a few minutes, the blood flowed into the river. After occupying Ji Gu, the large forces began to March to the Gyangze area again.
Along the way, the British army was defeated by six generals, and finally arrived at the gates of Gyangze. In order to preserve their strength, the people in the city and the Tibetan army chose to evacuate.
After entering the city,The British army started another massacre, plundered the grain and gunpowder in the city, and burned the buildings and temples in the city.After the British army swept through, almost no life in the city could survive.
The Tibetan army launched a counterattack while the British army was lax, but the strength of the two armies was very different. The number of Tibetan troops was many times higher than that of the British army, and the defeat was due to poor weapons and equipment.After several rounds of fighting, the British army finally forced the Tibetan army to the last stronghold of the government.
The Zongguan government has a relatively dangerous terrain, and it is in a high place, and it is protected by towering and solid walls. Why can it win the goal?The British army built several gun towers in a short time, and the castle was blown to pieces under the fierce artillery attack.
In addition, the British army cut off all the rear supplies of the Tibetan army, with no food, no water and no weapons support.The commander-in-chief of the Tibetan army knows that he will die if he drags on.
So one evening, he made a night attack plan with several subordinates, and a dozen Tibetan soldiers launched the final charge, but all of them died tragically in the end.
Seeing this scene, the Tibetan army can no longer tolerate it. Like the commander in chief,Several small forces launched a breakthrough in many directions, and finally only 500 people escaped from a path.
These people have also become the last targets of the British army. They are exhausted and injured to varying degrees.In order not to be captured and persecuted by the British army, all 500 people were killed in the river.
According to statistics after the war, Tibetan soldiers suffered heavy casualties, the number was probably in the thousands, and the British recorded that their death toll was only 37.The huge difference in numbers also reflects the bravery of the Tibetan army.
As a general who led the army to invade Tibet, Rong Hepeng’s evil deeds are countless.He once wrote in his diary that Tibetans were like lambs to be slaughtered, and Tibetan bodies were everywhere under the fire of the British army.
Tibetans defended Gyangze County for more than 100 days, and finally they were defeated by the fierce attack of the British army. The British army occupied Lhasa, and Rong Hepeng signed the Lhasa Treaty.
The victory of this war made Rong Hepeng honored. He returned to China with a lot of wealth, cultural relics and documents from temples.
The executioner was regarded as a hero in China and died of illness at the age of 79.It is reported that there was a golden Buddha hanging on his chest before his death, which he robbed when he invaded Tibet.
His purpose is to let the golden Buddha bless him to heaven.Because he also knows that he is evil and his hands are covered with the blood of the Tibetan people, his death has exposed his inner fear.
Repentance after death can’t make up for sins before death, and the Buddha will only cross over those who have great love.Rong Hepeng must have spent his later years in nightmares.Otherwise, how can a westerner who believes in God hold the golden Buddha for burial? Only the eastern gods can suppress the souls of Tibetans.
Although the Tibetan army was defeated in the battle of Gyangze, people have to admire their determination and perseverance,After the domestic situation was settled, the relevant departments set up a hero monument in front of Zongshan Mountain in Gyangze.
We have experienced too many similar battles in modern history, and the courage of the Tibetan people to defend their homeland to the death is really admirable.Their perseverance and spirit have made countless future generations proud and paid tribute to the heroes.
Abu. "The Battle of Gyangze." Literary Life, Episode 2(2018):1.
Peter Fleming (English). The bayonet points to Lhasa [M]. Tibet People’s Publishing House. 1997-01.