China Exploration of AI Empowerment Education

  The second international conference on artificial intelligence and education was held in Beijing recently. The conference was jointly organized by UNESCO, the Ministry of Education of People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the National Committee of UNESCO of China, to explore the core literacy that human beings need in the intelligent age, and to study the future education development strategy and education methods.

  Faced with the great impact of COVID-19 epidemic on global education, large-scale online education has accelerated the process of technological revolution and educational reform, and a series of new technologies have shown great potential, and the demand in the era of artificial intelligence has undoubtedly changed significantly. China has been carrying out "artificial intelligence+"education innovation, and the integration of intelligent technology and education is becoming a catalyst to reshape the relationship among classroom, students and teachers.

  Individualized development of intelligent teaching

  In recent years, China has deepened its understanding of the integrated development of artificial intelligence and education, and issued a series of policy documents to encourage and support the development of intelligent education.

  In 2017, the "New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan" was officially released, which proposed to speed up the training of high-end talents in artificial intelligence, build artificial intelligence disciplines, and develop intelligent education. In 2018, the Ministry of Education issued the Action Plan for Artificial Intelligence Innovation in Colleges and Universities to promote the development of artificial intelligence from the field of higher education. In February last year, "China Education Modernization 2035" was officially released, proposing to accelerate the educational reform in the information age, build an intelligent campus, make overall plans to build an integrated intelligent teaching, management and service platform, and use modern technology to accelerate the reform of personnel training mode.

  Chen Baosheng, Minister of Education of China, said that new technologies, such as artificial intelligence, have shown people the great potential of transformative education. It is the mission of education to help everyone acquire the ability to master new technology and create a better life. We should speed up the development of higher quality education, more fair and inclusive education, more suitable for everyone, more open and flexible education, provide everyone with lifelong learning opportunities, and realize the integrated development of education and economy and society.

  Under the epidemic situation, the online education service platform is also exerting its strength, and classes are suspended, and the application of new technologies promotes the reform of education and teaching mode. Bai Yunfeng, chairman and president of Good Future Group, said that the integration of artificial intelligence and education is moving towards the deep field of educational ecology, which has promoted the innovation and change from educational concept to teaching technology. Through the development of artificial intelligence and big data, with online education as the carrier, the combination of "online and offline" is opening the "black box" of the learning process, making it possible to teach students in accordance with their aptitude, and a future picture of intelligent education is emerging.

  Emergence of technological innovation and reconstruction of traditional classroom

  Some regions and schools have begun a deep attempt to integrate artificial intelligence with education and teaching. In Beijing, Shanghai and other places, intelligent teaching assistants and intelligent learning offices can accurately respond to students’ learning needs, and design multiple versions according to the differences of students of different ages.

  In Guangzhou, Wuhan, Xi ‘an, Qingdao and other places, artificial intelligence courses are being gradually rolled out in primary and secondary schools to promote the integration of artificial intelligence and subject teaching.

  In colleges and universities, artificial intelligence has become an important aid in teaching. Relying on the teaching tools of wisdom education, Tsinghua University can communicate with teachers and students in real time, which provides an effective solution for classroom teaching interaction. In the international cooperative research project of Beijing Normal University, the functional roles of artificial intelligence teachers in the future are predicted, including 12 important roles such as automatic marking, blood diagnosis, psychological counseling, physical health monitoring and personalized teaching guidance … …

  Lei Chaozi, director of the Science and Technology Department of the Ministry of Education, said that in the face of the important task of promoting the fundamental transformation of learning methods and teaching methods with intelligent technology and cultivating innovative talents to adapt to the future society, China has made explorations in four aspects: the transformation of students’ learning methods, the transformation of teachers’ roles, the transformation of classroom forms and the transformation of evaluation system. In this process, online and offline experiential learning, project-based learning, group cooperative learning, flexible learning and autonomous learning, which have achieved remarkable results during the epidemic, are gradually becoming mainstream learning methods. At the same time, teachers’ knowledge-based teaching role will be partially replaced by artificial intelligence, so they can get rid of heavy repetitive work and devote more energy to personalized guidance and cultivation of students.

  Strengthen international cooperation and narrow the digital divide.

  A set of figures can more clearly reflect China’s efforts in education informatization. At present, the Internet access rate of primary and secondary schools (including teaching points) in China is 99.7%, the network bandwidth of 98.7% schools is all over 100 megabytes, 95.2% schools have multimedia classrooms, the network teaching environment has been greatly improved, and the national public service system for quality education resources has basically been established. The number of online learning spaces for teachers and students in China exceeded 100 million, and the number of students in massive open online course reached 31.31 billion. Educational informatization is playing an important role in building a more open and flexible high-quality education system for everyone equally.

  At the same time, it is inseparable from international cooperation and exchanges to create an intelligent education system of "technology for goodness", further balance the coverage of distance education, narrow the digital divide, and provide fair, open and personalized education methods for students from all countries.

  Gianini, Assistant Director-General of Education of UNESCO, pointed out that the large-scale epidemic of COVID-19 has accelerated the global demand for cooperation in the development of emerging technologies. Only through cooperation can technology benefit everyone, instead of further widening inequality.

  At the same time, technological progress has aggravated the digital divide, making it an urgent problem to be solved. A set of data quoted by Mokuy, Chairman of the UNESCO Executive Board, is worrying: according to a recent report released by UNICEF and ITU, 87% of children and young people in high-income countries have access to the Internet; But in low-income countries, the figure is only 6%. There are 2.2 billion children and young people under the age of 25 in the world who have no access to the Internet at home — — One billion of them live in Asia and Africa.

  "This epidemic once again shows that the destiny of mankind is closely linked and the interests of all countries are closely linked and interdependent. Cooperation to meet challenges is the only choice for the international community." Tian Xuejun, Vice Minister of Education of China and Director of the National Committee of UNESCO in China, said so.

  If we want to narrow the digital divide and achieve inclusive development, all countries must go hand in hand. As Tian Xuejun said: "We must base ourselves on common interests, replace differences with unity, eliminate prejudice with reason, respect each other, help each other in the same boat, give full play to the leading and coordinating role of UNESCO in the field of intelligent education, discuss cooperation mechanisms, build a communication platform, share high-quality resources, help the educational development of developing countries, especially African countries, jointly promote the implementation of the 2030 education agenda, and build an educational community in the intelligent age."