[Commemorating the 200th anniversary of Marx’s birth] Revisit Marx and Engels’ United Front Thought!

  The United front is a basic strategic and tactical issue of Marxism.On the basis of summing up the experience of proletarian revolutionary struggle scientifically, Marx and Engels solved the problem of proletarian self-unity and fighting for allies, and created the proletarian United front thought.On the occasion of the 200th anniversary of Marx’s birth, let’s review Marx and Engels’ thoughts on the United front.

  The proletariat must strengthen its unity.

  The unity of the proletariat itself is one of the basic problems of the proletarian United front. In order to accomplish the historical mission entrusted by history, the proletariat must first unite its own strength.Marx and Engels have always placed this issue in a very important position throughout their revolutionary careers. In 1864, International Working Men’s Association (later called "First International"), founded by Marx and Engels, was a joint organization of workers from all countries and an organization of workers’ united front. Participants in the First International include communists, Proudhon, trade unionists, co-operatives, bakunin, and so on. In the "Common Articles of Association" drafted for International Working Men’s Association, Marx fully considered the acceptance level of workers of all factions. On the one hand, he adhered to the principle of scientific socialism in content, and on the other hand, he was flexible and gentle in wording, making it a common program for workers of all countries and factions to embody the internal United front of the working class. He pointed out that one of the reasons for the founding of International Working Men’s Association was that "the liberation of the working class should be won by the working class itself", and the reason why the previous proletarian revolutionary movement "failed to receive results was because the workers in different labor departments in each country were not United enough, and because the working classes in various countries lacked close alliance with each other". "The success of the workers’ movement in every country can only be guaranteed by the strength of unity and union." Engels said: "Since the situation of workers in all countries is the same, since their interests are the same and they have the same enemies,Then they should fight together, and they should fight against the bourgeois brotherhood of all ethnic groups with the workers’ brotherhood of all ethnic groups. "The above discussion and practical activities not only illustrate the necessity and importance of unity and unity within the proletariat, but also prove the possibility of realizing this unity.

  The unity and unity of the proletariat includes two aspects: on the one hand, the unity and unity of the proletariat itself within a country, and on the other hand, the international unity among the proletariat of all countries in the world.Marx and Engels carefully investigated and analyzed the characteristics of capitalism in Europe and America in the middle and lower 19th century, which was due to the development of large-scale capitalist industry, which broke the regional division and closed-door state of natural economy in the Middle Ages and formed a unified world market. Capitalist production is no longer a national production, and capitalists exploit not only domestic workers. Proletarians all over the world have the same social status. They are all wage laborers, do not possess any means of production, and are exploited and oppressed by capitalists. In the struggle for their own liberation, they face a common class enemy — — International bourgeoisie. Based on common interests, the bourgeoisie of all countries are consistent and mutually supportive in opposing the proletariat. If a proletarian revolution occurs in a country, they will take joint action to suppress it. Therefore, the proletariat of all countries must also unite. For this reason, Marx and Engels put forward in the communist party Declaration that "proletarians all over the world, unite!" Slogan, and devoted his life to promoting the practice of international proletarian unity. For example, they reorganized the League of the Rightists into the League of Communists in 1847, guided the proletariat of all countries to take correct actions in the European Revolution in 1848, acted in the first international, and Engels acted as a consultant to the second international after Marx’s death, all of which were their practice of devoting themselves to international proletarian unity.

  On the issue of the unity and unity of the proletariat itself, Marx and Engels also expounded the relationship between ordinary proletarians and the people of communist party, as well as the unity among the workers’ political parties. They pointed out: communist party people are not special political parties opposed to other workers’ political parties, and they have no interests different from those of the proletariat as a whole. "The differences between communist party people and other proletarian political parties are as follows: on the one hand, in the struggle of proletarians in various countries, communist party people emphasize and adhere to the common interests of the entire proletariat regardless of nationality; On the other hand, communist party people have always represented the interests of the whole movement at all stages of development experienced by the struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. " In September 1871, at the First International London Delegate Conference, Marx and Engels also pointed out that the Paris Commune was "an alliance of all organizations and factions in the working class against the bourgeoisie" based on the experience of the Paris Commune. It shows that the working class can only act as a class if it is organized as an independent party opposed to all the old political parties established by the bourgeoisie in its struggle against the joint power of the bourgeoisie. That is to say, if communist party does not unite with other workers’ parties, it will affect the extensiveness of the internal unity of the proletariat, so if there is no independent proletarian party, it is impossible to truly realize the unity and unity of the proletariat itself.

  In the process of revolution, the proletariat should strive to form alliances with other classes, political parties and social forces that can participate in the revolution.

  In order to realize its historical mission, eliminate class and class differences and finally realize communism, the proletariat should not only realize its own unity and unity, but also unite the vast number of allies.

  The proletariat must unite with the peasants.Marx and Engels pointed out that in the struggle against capitalism and all exploitation systems, the proletariat must first unite with the peasants. "The exploitation of farmers and the exploitation of the industrial proletariat are just different in form. The exploiters are the same: capital. " Similar economic status and common political requirements are the solid foundation of the workers-peasants alliance; It is the common interest of the workers and peasants to get rid of the exploitation and oppression of capital. Whether the proletariat can form an alliance with the broad masses of peasants is always the key to the success or failure of the revolution. The important reason for the failure of the European Revolution in 1848 and the Paris Commune in 1871 was the failure to solve the problem of the workers-peasants alliance. When summing up the experience of the revolution in 1848, Marx pointed out: Before the revolution made the peasants and petty bourgeoisie "recognize the proletariat as their vanguard and move closer to it, the French workers could not move forward and touch the bourgeois system at all." On the contrary, if the peasants support it, "the proletarian revolution will get a chorus. Without this chorus, its solo in all peasant countries will inevitably become a lonely and mournful." Only by winning over the broad masses of peasants, "can we win a lasting victory", and they also pointed out that when the proletariat rises to the ruling class, it should also adhere to the alliance with peasants.

  The proletariat must unite with the urban petty bourgeoisie.In the works of Marx and Engels, the urban petty bourgeoisie is usually regarded as "petty bourgeois democrat" or "democratic petty bourgeoisie". In the second half of 19th century after the establishment of scientific socialism, petty-bourgeois democrats have always been an important political force active in the political arena of some major capitalist countries in Europe and America. It not only has a deep foundation among urban residents, but also many farmers, including the rural proletariat, which has not been supported by the urban proletariat, have followed it for a long time. Therefore, if the proletariat wants to effectively fight against capitalism and all exploitation systems, it must pay attention to uniting these forces. Marx and Engels believed that the revolutionary workers’ party should adopt the following attitude towards the petty-bourgeois democrats: "Go together with the petty-bourgeois democrats to oppose the factions that the workers’ party wants to overthrow;" When the petty-bourgeois Democrats want to consolidate their position for personal gain, they must oppose it. "

  The proletariat must unite with the bourgeoisie in the struggle against feudalism.In the modern history of the world, when the European proletariat took the lead as an independent political force on the historical stage, the bourgeois democratic revolution against feudalism in most European countries has not yet been completed. In this way, in a feudal monarchy country, the enemy faced by the proletariat is, first of all, the reactionary feudal class, which is behind the bourgeoisie. According to the social class situation at that time, Marx and Engels believed that the bourgeois revolution was the direct prelude to the proletarian revolution, and it would be impossible to realize the proletarian revolution without first completing the bourgeois democratic revolution and overthrowing the feudal system. Therefore, they declared to the proletariat all over the world: "communist party people everywhere support all revolutionary movements against the existing social and political systems." It is argued that the proletariat will not hesitate to support the bourgeois struggle against feudalism. As they pointed out when talking about the situation in their hometown of Germany: "As long as the bourgeoisie takes revolutionary action, communist party will join it in opposing absolute monarchy, feudal land ownership and the reactiveness of ordinary citizens."

  In the era of Marx and Engels, the proletarian revolution was intertwined with the bourgeois national democratic revolution. The above-mentioned views of Marx and Engels on the proletariat uniting with the petty bourgeoisie and the bourgeoisie have actually included the idea of the proletariat uniting with the petty bourgeoisie and the bourgeois democratic parties. The communist party Declaration pointed out: "communist party people are striving for unity and agreement among democratic political parties all over the world." According to this principle and the situation in Europe at that time, Marx and Engels also elaborated the policy that communist party people should adopt towards democratic political parties in different countries and under different conditions. For example, in France at that time, communist party people should unite with the socialist democratic party of the petty bourgeoisie to oppose the bourgeoisie; In Switzerland, communist party people should support radical bourgeois parties to oppose monks and nobles and carry out democratic reforms; In Poland, the people of communist party should support the revolutionary democratic party that launched the Krakow Uprising in 1846 and its struggle for national independence and agrarian revolution.

  Marx and Engels put forward the strategic and tactical principles of the United front, which not only provided powerful ideological weapons for the proletariat, but also they themselves were outstanding practitioners of these principles.During the German Revolution in 1848, they participated in the editing of New Vegetable Newspaper as Democrats, and successfully cooperated with bourgeois and petty-bourgeois Democrats during the running of the newspaper. Later, when Engels talked about the importance of this alliance, he pointed out that if we didn’t do it at that time, "then we would have to publicize communism in a tabloid in a remote place and have to create a small Sect instead of a huge action party."

  Proletarian political parties must maintain their independence when uniting with other classes and political parties.

  Proletarian political parties maintain their independence when forming alliances with other classes and political parties, including ideological and political independence and organizational independence, which is the embodiment of the advanced nature of the proletariat and the inevitable requirement of its advanced nature.When talking about this advanced nature, Marx and Engels pointed out: "In practice, communist party people are the most determined part of the workers’ political parties in various countries and always push the movement forward; Theoretically, their superiority over the rest of the proletariat lies in their understanding of the conditions, process and general results of the proletarian movement. " This advanced nature of the proletarian political party determines that it always represents the future of the movement even when it unites with other classes and political parties to fight for the recent goals and interests of the working class. Therefore, when communist party people unite with the revolutionary petty bourgeoisie to oppose the bourgeoisie, "it does not give up the right to take a critical attitude towards those empty talks and fantasies that have emerged from the revolutionary tradition"; When communist party people unite with the bourgeoisie to oppose the feudal system, "they don’t neglect to educate workers as clearly as possible to realize the hostile opposition between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat"; Proletarian political parties, when acting jointly with political parties of other classes, "must be based on the premise that the proletarian nature of the party will not cause problems."

  Marx and Engels’ thought of maintaining the independence of proletarian political parties also contains the leadership of the United front.When the proletariat and its political parties form alliances with other classes and political parties for certain political purposes, they are faced with the question of whether you lead the allies or the allies lead you. This is related to the fundamental direction and road of the United front, that is, to the leadership of the United front. Proletarian political parties must maintain their independence, that is, independent thoughts, theories, policies and programs, independent organizations and actions, and maintain the right to criticize their allies. If we lose this independence, we will lose the leadership of the United front. This is self-evident to Marx and Engels. Moreover, they believe that there are conditions for the proletariat and its political parties to unite with other classes, political parties, groups and forces, and once these conditions are destroyed, the alliance will be dissolved immediately. Marx and Engels resolutely opposed the kind of alliance that might damage the independence of the proletariat and lose its principles.

  Marx and Engels were the founders of the proletarian United front, and they laid the theoretical and strategic foundation for the proletarian United front, thus providing theoretical guidance for the international communist movement that flourished in the second half of the 19th century.As a valuable spiritual heritage of the world proletariat, its basic ideas and principles were inherited and developed by Lenin in the late 19th century and 20th century, and further developed in China’s revolution and construction.

"People’s Daily" column issued a document: adding more sea-friendly space for citizens and tourists.

Today’s People’s Daily published an article "Adding More Seaside Space for Citizens and Tourists" in the column "Practice of Ludao Butterfly in Xiamen", paying attention to the continuous beach protection and restoration in Xiamen, Fujian.

The article said that in the 1980s, due to natural and human factors, the beaches in Xiamen were damaged to varying degrees. The common method of early coastal protection is to build hard revetment with riprap and reinforced concrete. Xiamen, on the other hand, follows the principle of "beach is suitable" to restore beaches, enhance coastal protection capacity and carry out systematic protection and restoration of beaches.

Since 2007, Xiamen has successively completed the protection and restoration of many beaches such as Guanyin Mountain, Convention and Exhibition Center and Gulangyu Island, with a cumulative restoration area of 1.65 million square meters. In the process of protection and restoration, Xiamen insists on leaving the most beautiful coastline to the people. The total beach area of the city is 2.4 million square meters, which adds more sea-friendly space for citizens and tourists. Xiamen organically combines sports, culture, tourism and leisure facilities, and organizes beach football matches, beach culture festivals and other activities. The once dirty beach has become a scenic beach and an activity area for cultural and sports events.

In recent years, Xiamen has continuously strengthened cooperation with scientific research institutes in beach protection and restoration, increased investment in scientific research and development, and carried out basic and applied scientific research on beach conservation. Together with the Third Institute of Oceanography of the Ministry of Natural Resources and other units, a number of industry standards have been compiled and approved by the Ministry of Natural Resources, which has become an important support for scientific and standardized beach maintenance and restoration projects. Related technologies have been gradually extended to Guangdong, Hainan and other provinces, and have also been applied to coastal protection projects in countries such as Thailand and Sri Lanka where the Belt and Road Initiative is jointly built.

Tell history

As the only country that has continued its 5,000-year civilization to this day, we have a glorious history. For thousands of years, countless sages have written magnificent historical scrolls with indomitable will and the spirit of exploration, leaving a well-known classic story. Since ancient times, there have been many legends in history. Their spirits are worth learning, and their historical stories make us memorable.

1. Eat your bread and taste your courage. It is a Chinese idiom, which originated from Historical Records of Goujian Family, King of Yue, in the Western Han Dynasty. The story of this historical figure tells the story of the defeat of the State of Yue by the State of Wu. Gou Jian, the king of Yue, was determined to take revenge. He used firewood as a sleeper and tried his gall before eating and sleeping, urging himself not to forget the humiliation and finally defeated the State of Wu after long-term preparation. This idiom was later used to describe people’s hard work and self-motivation.

2. Take care of the thatched cottage. Three Visits to the Cottage, also known as Three Visits to the Cottage, is an allusion from The History of the Three Kingdoms, Shu Zhi and Zhuge Liang Chuan. Liu Bei, who was stationed in a new field, heard from Xu Shu and Si Mahui that Zhuge Liang was very knowledgeable and talented, so he and Guan Yu and Zhang Fei took gifts to Wollongong in Longzhong to ask Zhuge Liang to come out to help him. I visited Zhuge Liang for help three times before, and then the situation of the three countries was divided. This is the classic story of "Visiting the Maolu" and the origin of this idiom.

The classic historical story of "Three Visits to Mao Lu" tells us that managers should be courteous and virtuous, know how to make good use of people, and you should put down your airs and talk calmly in the face of talents.

3. Grass boats borrow arrows. Borrowing an Arrow from a Grass Boat is a classic story of Battle of Red Cliffs in the Chinese classic Romance of the Three Kingdoms, and it is also one of the well-known classic historical stories. Zhou Yu deliberately proposed to borrow the arrow, but Zhuge Liang, who is witty, calmly said that "it only takes three days." Later, when the weather was right and the people were at peace, Zhuge Liang used Cao Cao’s suspicious character to lure the enemy with several straw boats and finally made great achievements by borrowing 100 thousand arrows.

The story of the Three Kingdoms tells us that if we want to fight a sure battle, we must make good preparations in advance and make good use of various conditions, so as to achieve our goals.

4. Horse racing in Tian Ji. The fable "Horse Racing in Tian Ji" must be familiar to everyone. It is a story of historical figures in China and then evolved into an idiom. During the Warring States Period, Qi Weiwang often raced with Tian Ji, the general of the State of Qi, and each of them chose three horses to race in three grades. However, Tian Ji always lost to Qi Weiwang in every race, and Tian Ji was very depressed. He told Sun Bin about the unhappiness caused by the failure of horse racing, and his friend Sun Bin gave him a trick to let Tian Ji compete with the inferior horse against the superior horse. The average horse is against the inferior horse, and as a result, it won two games in a row after the first big defeat. The horse is still the same horse, but it can turn defeat into victory by changing the order of appearance. After that, Tian Ji and Qi Weiwang told the story, and Sun Bin was appreciated by Qi Weiwang.

5. make up the number. The classic historical story "Overfill the Numbers" comes from "On Han Feizi’s Internal Storage" and was selected as a primary school Chinese textbook. It tells the story of a man in the ancient state of Qi, Mr. Nan Guo, who couldn’t play the flute, but got paid for nothing in a band that played the flute. Later, when Qi Xuanwang died, the King of Qi became a monarch and liked to listen to solo. As soon as Mr. Nan Guo heard it, he packed his bags and ran away overnight.

The enlightenment of this story is: fraud can’t stand the test of time, and it will eventually expose the clues; People who have no real skills can get away with it for a while before others know the truth, but the truth will come out one day.

6. Taoyuan became sworn. China’s famous classic historical story "Taoyuan Jieyi" is the first story in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, and it is also a well-known historical story. It tells the story of three people with lofty ideals, Liu Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, who, in order to jointly do a great cause, were congenial to each other and chose a Taoyuan after Zhangfeizhuang, where they held a toast and made a vow to heaven, sharing weal and woe, sharing weal and woe, and jointly realizing their beautiful ideals in life. This is the famous "taoyuan sworn" in the romance of the three kingdoms.

7. Wu Song killed the tiger. Everyone must be familiar with the well-known classic story "Wu Song Beats the Tiger". This historical story of China tells the story of Wu Song, a Liangshan hero, who went home to visit his brother. He passed through Jingyanggang and ignored the advice of the restaurant. He went up the mountain in a drunken mood and didn’t know there was a tiger until he saw the notice on the temple gate. He hesitated a little, but still crustily skin of head on the post.

I found a big bluestone because of the attack of alcoholism. I lay down on my back and was about to fall asleep when I saw a tiger coming. After several fights, the tiger’s prestige gradually decreased, and finally I was beaten to death by Wu Song. After this incident, Wu Song gained great fame.

8. Be loyal to the country. Loyalty to serve the country is the allusion of China historical figure Yue Fei, a national hero who resisted gold in the Southern Song Dynasty. After studying martial arts hard as a teenager, Yue Fei decided to go to the battlefield to kill the enemy and serve the country. In order to encourage her son, Yue Fei’s mother tattooed the four characters "loyal to serve the country" on her back. Yue Fei, mindful of his mother’s teachings, went to the front line of the battle against the 8 Jin Army, and repeatedly made meritorious deeds and became a general who frightened the enemy. Now loyalty to the country is used to describe meticulous loyalty, serving the motherland and sacrificing everything for the country.

9. Establish a tree as a letter. Standing a tree as a letter is an event that happened in the capital of Qin during the Warring States Period. It tells that in order to promote the reform, Shang Yang ordered a 30-foot-long wood to be erected outside the south gate of the capital, and made a promise in public: who can move this wood to the north gate will be rewarded with twelve taels. But all the people didn’t believe it. Only when the reward was raised to fifty gold did a strong man move the wood to the north gate. Shang Yang rewarded him with fifty gold as promised. Shang Yang’s move won people’s trust in Shang Yang, and Shang Yang’s next reform was soon popularized in Qin State.

10. Dig the wall for light. Digging into the wall to steal light is an idiom evolved from a fable story. It comes from Miscellanies of Xijing. It mainly tells that Kuang Heng, a young boy, is very studious. Because of his poor family, he has to work during the day, and only at night can he see it, but his poor family can’t afford the oil for lighting. So Kuang Heng dug a hole in the wall to attract the light from his neighbor, so that the light can shine on books. That’s how he studied hard. Later, he became a scholar of the Western Han Dynasty.

Moral of this idiom: Hardship is only a temporary experience, and the knowledge gained after experiencing these hardships is the precious and long-term wealth of life.

Shanghai’s tragic accident caused 1 death and 1 injury case details announcement

Cao Moumou, a male, male, born in 1995 ** 被 被 被, citizenship number: 4290041995 **********, Han nationality, junior high school culture, before the incident, online car driver, household registration in Hubei Group of Xian Tao City ** Village, temporarily lived in Room **, ** Road ** Road ** of Yangpu District, Shanghai. On March 31, 2021, the Chongming Branch of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau was criminally detained in accordance with the law for suspected traffic accidents.

The case was ended by the investigation of the Chongming Branch of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau and was transferred to the court on January 17, 2022 to the court for review and prosecution by the non -prosecutor Cao Moumou. After the acceptance of this court, the next day, it was informed that the non -prosecutor had the right to entrust the defender and the legal consequences that the penalty could be caused. The close relatives of the victim had the right to entrust the lawsuit to the lawsuit, and questioned the non -prosecutor in accordance with the law and listened to it. The opinions of the victim’s family reviewed all case materials.

After review by law:

At 5:35 on March 31, 2021, the brand that was not leased by Cao Moumou was Shanghai AF **** small sedan.时,因其驾驶机动车未靠道路右侧通行且违反文明驾驶规定而分别与对方向在道路东侧由南向北被害人沈某甲骑驶的号牌为上海67****电动自行车及The victim Huang Moumou’s number plate was a collision of Shanghai 38 **** electric bicycles, causing damage to the vehicle, Huang Moumou’s injury, Shen Moujia died on the spot. After determining the accident of the traffic police detachment of the Chongming Branch of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau, Cao Moumou’s total responsibility for the accident, Shen Moujia and Huang Moumou did not bear the responsibility of the accident.

After the accident, Cao Moumou’s initiative to report to the police, waiting for the scene and actively rescued the wounded. After the case, the above -mentioned criminal facts were truthfully confessed. A few days ago, the victim Huang Moumou had received Cao Moumou’s compensation RMB 55,000 (the following currencies are RMB); 38.6668 million yuan and Cao Moumou compensated 49,000 yuan (the remaining 60,000 yuan has been negotiated with Cao Moumou and the victim Shen Moujia’s family membership payment). Cao Moumou has been understood in writing by the above -mentioned victims and family members of the victims.

The evidence of identifying the above facts is as follows:

1. The one -click search for super search information, ID card copy, and criminal suspect’s illegal crime information verification form from the Shanghai Public Security Bureau confirmed that the non -prosecutor Cao Moumou had reached legal and completely criminal responsibility age when he committed the crime. Identity information and no prevalence.

2. The Shanghai Public Security Bureau’s case (event) issued by the public security organs receiving a report, the registration form, the case of the case, the 110 incident registration form, and the call for details. A traffic accident occurred near the Panlong Highway and the intersection of the construction of the North Road and the electric bicycle. Cao Moumou, who was not prosecuted, took the initiative to call the police, waited for the scene and truthfully confessed the above criminal facts.

3. The results of the test form of the drug driving (urine test) and the exhalation alcohol tester confirmed that Cao Moumou was not toxic and drunk driving.

4. Driving license information, motor vehicle driving license, photocopy of driver’s license, vehicle detailed information, motor vehicle traffic accident liability for compulsory insurance policy, commercial insurance policy, Shanghai taxi operating license confirmed, Cao Moumou’s driving license and rental car Related conditions such as the driving card is complete.

5. Shanghai Public Security Bureau’s population business inquiry management system information, ID card copy, a copy of the temporary resident ID card, and basic information of the vehicle have confirmed that the victim Shen Moujia, Huang Moumou’s identity information and two electric bicycles are related.

6. The first aid case, the medical certificate of the resident death, the guarantee, the cremation of the remains, the thermalization certificate of the body of the residents, and the thermalization of the body, and the Judicial Appraisal Opinions of the Judicial Appraisal Center of the Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University confirmed that on March 31, 2021, the victim Shen Moujia was on the spot due to a traffic accident on the spot. Death, the cause of death is in line with road traffic accidents, causing injuries to the whole body. In addition, ethanol composition was found in the blood.

7. Notice of injury testing and the outpatient medical records of the Chongming Branch of Xinhua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine confirmed that the victim Huang Moumou had eyeballs due to the accident.

8. Household registration copy, copy of ID cards, civil judgments, civil jets, civil mediation letters, receipt, understanding, and Didi company transfer vouchers confirmed that Cao Moumou has conducted with the victim Shen Moujia’s family on the economic compensation of the accident. Civil litigation and later reached a mediation agreement. A few days ago, the victim Shen Moujia had received a compensation of 1.182 million yuan in insurance companies, 386.668 million yuan paid by Didi Company and 49,000 yuan for Cao Moumou. Payment). The family members of the victims have been understood by Cao Moumou.

9. Transportation accident understanding, people’s mediation agreement, and road traffic accident economic compensation voucher confirmed that it has been compensated by the victim Huang Moumou for the victim of the victim, and was written in writing.

10. The "Road Traffic Accident Confix" issued by the Transportation Police Detachment of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau and the situation of Shen Moujia’s electric bicycle after being drunk, which is confirmed by the situation of the responsibility of the accident. Cao Moumou’s responsibility for the accident; Shen Moujia drunk riding electric bicycles does not work on traffic accidents and the consequences of damage. The two victims had no fault in the accident. Responsibility for the accident.

11. Shanghai Fenglin Judicial Appraisal Co., Ltd.’s judicial appraisal opinions confirmed that the safety technical status of the car involved in the case is in line with the relevant provisions of GB7258-2017 "Technical Conditions for Motor Vehicle Operation Safety"; the safety technical status of the two electric bicycles involved in the case meets GB17761-2018 " The requirements of the Safety Technical Specifications of Electric Bicycles; at the time of the accident, the license plate is "Shanghai 67 ****" electric bicycle carried by people to carry people’s traffic behavior. A collision of electric bicycles can be established.

12. On -site pictures of road traffic accidents, surveys of road traffic accidents, photos, photos, CD -ROM confirmations, car accidents and other related situations.

13. The statement of the victim Huang Moumou confirmed that at 5:35 on March 31, 2021, when the electric bicycle was driving along the east side of the Pinglong Highway from south to north to the south side of the south side of the river bridge, about 200 meters, It was suitable for a sedan to drive quickly from the middle to southeast along the middle road to the southeast, and it avoided it westward. Later, it felt like a electric bicycle or a car colliding.

14. Witnesses Shen Mou’s testimony confirmed that it was the son of Shen Moujia. On March 31, 2021, Shen Moujia drove an electric bicycle and collided with a small sedan on the way along the Pinglong Highway. His mother said that Shen Moujia went to the construction site from his home when he was at the time of the incident.

15. The confirmation of the confession of the non -prosecutor Cao Moumou was confirmed that at 5:35 on March 31, 2021, the driving number was Shanghai AF **** small sedan, and it was driving north to south along the Dragon Highway in this area to the south to the shoulder. The road milestone hit two electric bicycles at 6.7 kilometers, resulting in related facts such as one death and one injury.

The court believes that Cao Moumou, who was not prosecuted, implemented the behavior stipulated in Article 133 of the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, but the circumstances of the crime were mild. And its close relatives made financial compensation and obtained written understanding, according to the provisions of Article 67, paragraph 1 and 37 of the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, can be exempted from criminal punishment. According to the provisions of Article 177 of the Criminal Procedure Law of the People’s Republic of China, it was decided not to prosecute Cao Moumou.

Three seized CD -ROM returned to the Chongming Branch of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau.

If the non -prosecutor’s decision, if he does not accept the decision, he can appeal to the court within seven days after receiving the decision.

If the victim’s close relatives do not accept the decision, they can appeal to the Second Branch of the Shanghai People’s Procuratorate within seven days after receiving this decision, and ask for a public prosecution; they can also filed a self -prosecution directly to the Shanghai Chongming District People’s Court of Shanghai.