Tell history

As the only country that has continued its 5,000-year civilization to this day, we have a glorious history. For thousands of years, countless sages have written magnificent historical scrolls with indomitable will and the spirit of exploration, leaving a well-known classic story. Since ancient times, there have been many legends in history. Their spirits are worth learning, and their historical stories make us memorable.

1. Eat your bread and taste your courage. It is a Chinese idiom, which originated from Historical Records of Goujian Family, King of Yue, in the Western Han Dynasty. The story of this historical figure tells the story of the defeat of the State of Yue by the State of Wu. Gou Jian, the king of Yue, was determined to take revenge. He used firewood as a sleeper and tried his gall before eating and sleeping, urging himself not to forget the humiliation and finally defeated the State of Wu after long-term preparation. This idiom was later used to describe people’s hard work and self-motivation.

2. Take care of the thatched cottage. Three Visits to the Cottage, also known as Three Visits to the Cottage, is an allusion from The History of the Three Kingdoms, Shu Zhi and Zhuge Liang Chuan. Liu Bei, who was stationed in a new field, heard from Xu Shu and Si Mahui that Zhuge Liang was very knowledgeable and talented, so he and Guan Yu and Zhang Fei took gifts to Wollongong in Longzhong to ask Zhuge Liang to come out to help him. I visited Zhuge Liang for help three times before, and then the situation of the three countries was divided. This is the classic story of "Visiting the Maolu" and the origin of this idiom.

The classic historical story of "Three Visits to Mao Lu" tells us that managers should be courteous and virtuous, know how to make good use of people, and you should put down your airs and talk calmly in the face of talents.

3. Grass boats borrow arrows. Borrowing an Arrow from a Grass Boat is a classic story of Battle of Red Cliffs in the Chinese classic Romance of the Three Kingdoms, and it is also one of the well-known classic historical stories. Zhou Yu deliberately proposed to borrow the arrow, but Zhuge Liang, who is witty, calmly said that "it only takes three days." Later, when the weather was right and the people were at peace, Zhuge Liang used Cao Cao’s suspicious character to lure the enemy with several straw boats and finally made great achievements by borrowing 100 thousand arrows.

The story of the Three Kingdoms tells us that if we want to fight a sure battle, we must make good preparations in advance and make good use of various conditions, so as to achieve our goals.

4. Horse racing in Tian Ji. The fable "Horse Racing in Tian Ji" must be familiar to everyone. It is a story of historical figures in China and then evolved into an idiom. During the Warring States Period, Qi Weiwang often raced with Tian Ji, the general of the State of Qi, and each of them chose three horses to race in three grades. However, Tian Ji always lost to Qi Weiwang in every race, and Tian Ji was very depressed. He told Sun Bin about the unhappiness caused by the failure of horse racing, and his friend Sun Bin gave him a trick to let Tian Ji compete with the inferior horse against the superior horse. The average horse is against the inferior horse, and as a result, it won two games in a row after the first big defeat. The horse is still the same horse, but it can turn defeat into victory by changing the order of appearance. After that, Tian Ji and Qi Weiwang told the story, and Sun Bin was appreciated by Qi Weiwang.

5. make up the number. The classic historical story "Overfill the Numbers" comes from "On Han Feizi’s Internal Storage" and was selected as a primary school Chinese textbook. It tells the story of a man in the ancient state of Qi, Mr. Nan Guo, who couldn’t play the flute, but got paid for nothing in a band that played the flute. Later, when Qi Xuanwang died, the King of Qi became a monarch and liked to listen to solo. As soon as Mr. Nan Guo heard it, he packed his bags and ran away overnight.

The enlightenment of this story is: fraud can’t stand the test of time, and it will eventually expose the clues; People who have no real skills can get away with it for a while before others know the truth, but the truth will come out one day.

6. Taoyuan became sworn. China’s famous classic historical story "Taoyuan Jieyi" is the first story in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, and it is also a well-known historical story. It tells the story of three people with lofty ideals, Liu Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, who, in order to jointly do a great cause, were congenial to each other and chose a Taoyuan after Zhangfeizhuang, where they held a toast and made a vow to heaven, sharing weal and woe, sharing weal and woe, and jointly realizing their beautiful ideals in life. This is the famous "taoyuan sworn" in the romance of the three kingdoms.

7. Wu Song killed the tiger. Everyone must be familiar with the well-known classic story "Wu Song Beats the Tiger". This historical story of China tells the story of Wu Song, a Liangshan hero, who went home to visit his brother. He passed through Jingyanggang and ignored the advice of the restaurant. He went up the mountain in a drunken mood and didn’t know there was a tiger until he saw the notice on the temple gate. He hesitated a little, but still crustily skin of head on the post.

I found a big bluestone because of the attack of alcoholism. I lay down on my back and was about to fall asleep when I saw a tiger coming. After several fights, the tiger’s prestige gradually decreased, and finally I was beaten to death by Wu Song. After this incident, Wu Song gained great fame.

8. Be loyal to the country. Loyalty to serve the country is the allusion of China historical figure Yue Fei, a national hero who resisted gold in the Southern Song Dynasty. After studying martial arts hard as a teenager, Yue Fei decided to go to the battlefield to kill the enemy and serve the country. In order to encourage her son, Yue Fei’s mother tattooed the four characters "loyal to serve the country" on her back. Yue Fei, mindful of his mother’s teachings, went to the front line of the battle against the 8 Jin Army, and repeatedly made meritorious deeds and became a general who frightened the enemy. Now loyalty to the country is used to describe meticulous loyalty, serving the motherland and sacrificing everything for the country.

9. Establish a tree as a letter. Standing a tree as a letter is an event that happened in the capital of Qin during the Warring States Period. It tells that in order to promote the reform, Shang Yang ordered a 30-foot-long wood to be erected outside the south gate of the capital, and made a promise in public: who can move this wood to the north gate will be rewarded with twelve taels. But all the people didn’t believe it. Only when the reward was raised to fifty gold did a strong man move the wood to the north gate. Shang Yang rewarded him with fifty gold as promised. Shang Yang’s move won people’s trust in Shang Yang, and Shang Yang’s next reform was soon popularized in Qin State.

10. Dig the wall for light. Digging into the wall to steal light is an idiom evolved from a fable story. It comes from Miscellanies of Xijing. It mainly tells that Kuang Heng, a young boy, is very studious. Because of his poor family, he has to work during the day, and only at night can he see it, but his poor family can’t afford the oil for lighting. So Kuang Heng dug a hole in the wall to attract the light from his neighbor, so that the light can shine on books. That’s how he studied hard. Later, he became a scholar of the Western Han Dynasty.

Moral of this idiom: Hardship is only a temporary experience, and the knowledge gained after experiencing these hardships is the precious and long-term wealth of life.